The art and craft of India are diverse, rich in history and religion. The aesthetics of each state in India reflect the
influence of different empires. Throughout centuries, crafts have been embedded as a culture and tradition within
rural communities. They are a constant source of inspiration
for contemporary designers and the subject for global exhibitions representing India.
Indian art and craft is an old saga. Although, the present state of the industry
is flourishing with a touch of contemporary designs and patterns but it is deeply
entrenched with the rich craft customs from the past.
The uniqueness in the Industry lies in its own way.
Stone has been used for carving since ancient times for many reasons. Most types of stone are easier to find than metal ores, which have to be mined and smelted. Stone can be dug from the surface and carved with hand tools. Stone is more durable than wood, and carvings in stone last much longer than wooden artifacts. Stone comes in many varieties and artists have abundant choices in color, quality and relative hardness.
Soft stone such as chalk, soapstone, pumice and Tufa can be easily carved with found items such as harder stone or in the case of chalk even the fingernail. Limestones and marbles can be worked using abrasives and simple iron tools. Granite, basalt and some metamorphic stone is difficult to carve even with iron or steel tools; usually tungsten carbide tipped tools are used, although abrasives still work well. Modern techniques often use abrasives attached to machine tools to cut the stone.
Madhya Pradesh famous for the green soft stone from which the local
carvers make a beautiful item like plates, boxes, trays, animals etc. In Gaya
district in Bihar famous for the less expensive blue back pot stone and black
soap stone items. West Bengal metals craft
reflect a fusion of tradition in their creations. Kerala for Ivory carving and
Orissa`s Gajapati district greatly known for the horn born craft.
Woven craft is fabulous and famous craft in
India. This art synthesis of the
sub-continental indigenous elements drawn from the pre-historic, the Vaishnob,
Aryan, Buddhist, Brahmanic, and Islamic traditions can be founded. The wide
variety of beautiful woven craft made a significant contribution to the history.
The important cities of woven craft in India are Srinagar
in Kashimar, Kullu in Himachal Pradesh, Amritsar
in Punjab, Agra in Uttar Pradesh, Jaipur in
and Elluru in Andhra Pradesh.
In creating jewellery, gemstones, coins, or other precious items are often used, and they are typically set into precious metals. Alloys of nearly every metal known have been encountered in jewellery. Bronze, for example, was common in Roman times.
is famous for gold and precious stones jewelry
is made in Dariba in Chandni Chowk. Himachal Pradesh
womenfolk of the mountains adorned with silver
ornaments. The local Sikkim people use lot of precious and semi
precious stones in their ornaments.Rajasthan is recognized for its
own distinct style of silver jewelry, Orissa silver
filigree and Goa sliver lac combs.
Gold, precious stones, silver, brass and zinc alloys
are the main metals used in the making of jewelry in West
Bengal. Jammu & Kashmir transformed their skills onto making
ornaments with finesse gold, sliver and stone jewelry. Maharashtra is famous
for gold coin and bulky bracelet where the Assam jewelry includes the jon biri, lokaparo,
thuriya, jethi poti, doog doogi bana, gaam kharu, keru, gal pata. Silver, bone
and lac are very popular in Haryana. Andhra Pradesh well known for glass
bangles, pearl and beads jewelry. In Tripura there are many tribal groups and
communities having its own designing for their jewelry. The other states Madhya
Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are well-known for traditional jewelries.