The Indian calendar is a long procession of fairs and festivals.
From the harvest festivals of the south to the immersion of
Ganesh in Bombay, The Pushkar Camel Fair in Rajasthan, Republic Day in Delhi... every region, every religion has
something to celebrate. Some of the Indian festivals and fairs are.
1. Makar Sankranti:
The Hindu festival celebrated through
out the India when farmers brings home there harvest. It is the time
when Sun enters to the Capricorn (Makar Sankranti) from
Dakshinayana to northern hemisphere (the Uttarayan).
The Makar sankranti is also known as Lohri. The Festival introduces kite
enthusiasts world-wide and a special dance called the 'Chajja' is held on the
occasion of Lohri.
2.Pongal the Hindu
harvest festival of South India, mainly in
Tamil Nadu celebrated in the month of January. The Pongal Celebrations includes
drawing of Kolam, swinging and cooking.
is a national holiday
commemorates the establishment of the Indian Republic
Republic Day is celebrated with much enthusiasm all over the country on 26 January.
4.Vasant Panchami is
the festival dedicated to Saraswati. It is celebrated in Magh, which is between
the January and February .That is highlights the coming of spring. This Hindu festival is full of
religious, seasonal and social significance.
Every year, in the month of February the golden city
hosts the desert festival which is also known as the “Jaisalmer Desert
Festival”. Camel race and the camel polo is a big attraction of this fair.
The festival becomes lively
with legions of folk dance, puppeteers and acrobats.
6.Float Festival is
first time celebrated by King Thirumalai Nayak in 17th century when
he built a temple of Lord Vigneswara.
On his birthday he started the custom of taking the idols for a boat ride in the
tank. This is how the Float festival came into life. Now it is a famous festival
Tamil Nadu and celebrated in full moon in the month of January or February.
Desert Festival: In
the month of February the beautiful desert festival held for 3 days in
Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. The attraction of this annual fair is Cultural showcase,
camel races, turban tying competitions etc.
7.Nagaur Cattle Fair
is eight days animal fair. The second largest fair
held in Nagaur,
Jodhpur in the State of Rajasthan.
8.Kumbh Mala is the
power of faith. At the four well-known cities Nasik
(Maharashtra), Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh), Prayag or Allahabad and Haridwar (both
in Uttar Pradesh), It take place every six years in Magh (January and
February) month The
Maha (great) Kumbh Mela which comes after 12years 'Purna Kumbh Melas', or
144 years, is held at Allahabad.
9.Maha Shivaratri is celebrated on a National level on the
13th day/13th moonless night and breaking fast/'vrata'
on 14th after sunrise of
the Magh or Phalgun month. This festival marks the wedding anniversary of Lord
Shiva and his consort Parvati.
The Maha shivaratri annual fair held for 7 days in Mandi town of the Indian State
of Himichal Pradesh.
10.Holi is the very popular colors festival of
North India. The festival celebrated on Phalgun Purnima. This
festival bridges the social gap
and renews sweet relationships and celebrated since centuries with the same zeal
11.Elephant Festival is celebrated in Jaipur. This festival is the great
symbol of Rajput royalty. This festival celebrated on the day of Holi in
eminent in the end of February and the beginning of the March.
The fair take place comes
together in the state of Goa for 3 days with a lot of music, dance, good food, colours and a lot of
13.Nalwari Mala is
the state level fair festivities in Luhnu ground, Bilaspur Himachal Pradesh for
cattle wealth for seven days in the month of March.
14.Ramnavami - The birth anniversary of Lord
Rama, which usually falls in March or April. It is also known as Shri Ram
Navami, a human incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Ayodhya and Pondicherry are the main centers for this festival.
is the religious festival of Jainism.
It is a
National level festival that commemorating the birth anniversary of Load
16.Baisakhi or Vaisakhi known as the special significance of Sikhs.
is a harvest
celebration on either 13th or 14 April in North
in the Gregorian calendar.
17.Pooram festival is known as the
most spectacular and colorful festival of
Kerala. The festival is a grand assembly of Gods and Goddesses celebrated every
year in the month of mid-April to mid-may, who makes their visit to the
18.Rohru Mela: The Rohru annual fair
celebrated in the month of April to give the most regard to local Lord SHIKRU
DEVTA. The mela celebrated for 5 days every
year and it is a time of cheerfulness to all
is the famous
festival of South India, Which is celebrated in
the Malayalam month of Medam
is the famous festival of Timal Nadu, South India. The
festival is held on the first day of Tamil
month Chithiram, which usually falls in April.
is one of the most spectacular festivals at Madurai Meenakshi
temple, Tamil Nadu. This is the annual festival that fall in the month of
of the divine wedding of Goddess
Meenakshi with Lord Sundareshwar (Shiva).
22.Urs is largest Muslim fair in India,
Ajmer, Rajasthan every year. The Urs marked with
quwwallis - sung at night. The festival celebrated in May in honor of venerated
Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti.
commemorates the birth
anniversary of Lord Buddha which falls on
the full moon night in the month of Vaisakha (April- May). It is a famous festival of India, specially the North east India. Mostly the festival celebrated in
24.Eid ul Fitr
is a festival of fast braking or end of
Ramadan. Eid is an Arabic word meaning
"festivity", while Fiṭr
means "breaking the fast". It is celebrated after the long fasting month of
25.Id-ul-Zuha - or
The Muslim festival of sacrifice, is one of the most important
Muslim festivals in India. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm and vigor.
Id-ul-Zuha is celebrated from the tenth to the twelfth day in the
Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah (October).
26.Karthigai Deepam is
also known as the Annamalai Deepam. It is the famous festival of Timal Nadu, in
South India. The festival is celebrated in full moon in Karthigai
is Hindu festival celebrates in June or July month. The Rath means
Yatra - a pilgrimage or procession.
That’s why it is also
known as chariot festival. The
Jagannath temple in Puri is the main epicenter of this festival. The Jagannath
temple town in Orissa, on the east coast of
28.Amarnath Yatra to the Holy Pilgrimage
is one of the most important events during July/ August. In this event the thousand people visit to the Amarnath cave.
29.Chamba Minjar Mela:
One of the famous fair in Himichal Pradesh celebrated from 935 A.D in Chamba
valley in the month of August. On the first day of Minjar mela, people bring the
picture of Raghuvira Lord and also the other regional deities, Devtas and
crests. The fair celebrated for one week to show respect towards King Sahil
Verman's victory on rulers and additional Tirgata.
30.Raksha Bandhan –
the full moon day of the Hindu month of Shravana (August) in
raksha bandhan celebrated the frail of thread of Rakhi protection embellished
with the love and affection of a sister for her brother. On this day sisters
pray for long life of their brothers and ask God to bless them with his
is called Avani
Avittam in South India.
31.Gayatri Japam -
Gayatri Japam is recited in
the next day of Purnima in Sarvan month. It is recited by all Brahmin (Yajurveda
, Rig Veda and Same Veda Brahmin)
32.Independence Day –
Each year India celebrate Independence Day of 15
is the day on which Lord Krishna was born in
Mathura. It is
Hindu festival celebrated 8th day of the dark fortnight in the month of Bhadon
(August or September). Pujas, bhajans, fasting and many other rituals mark
Janmashtami celebrations in India.
34.Suhi Mata Festival
rejoices the growth of maize in the month of August.
35.Teej well had known
north India women festival and much anticipated monsoon festival. The
festival takes place in the August. Teej is dedicated to the divine couple -
Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, On this day Women keep 'Nirjala Vrat' for well -
being of her husband.
Ganesh Chaturthi. It is also known as
Swarna Gauri Vratam in South India. The Gowri
Habba is a Hindu festival dedicated to Goddess Paravati. Gowri Habba is
celebrated in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
The Birthday of
Load Ganesh the son of Shiva and Parvati. The
one of the most popular Hindu
occupations in India
falls between August and September. Festival is widely celebrated in
Maharashtra, West Bengal, Gujarat, Goa,
Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
38.Nuakhai is the
agricultural festival of Orissa. Nuakhai is observed to welcome the new rice of
the season. It is also known as Nabanna,
Nuakhai Parab or Nuakahi Bhetghat.
In different parts
of India Navarathri is celebrated in different ways. In Sanskrit Nava means nine
and ratri means nights. The
Mother Goddess (Navarathri) occasion is observed
twice a year, once in the beginning of summer and again at the onset of winter.
40.Dandiya is the folk dance of
Vrindavan and it is performed depicting
scenes of lila and Holi. Dandiya is featured dance of Navratri evenings in West
India, Specially in Gujarat.
41.Dussehra is one of
the fascinating festivals of India and it is celebrated 10th
day after Navratri. In this day Lord Ram killed Ravana and won back his wife
Sita. Dussehra is also known as
Vijaydashami and celebrated on the new moon day of the Hindu month Ashwin
(September – October). It is also celebrated as
Durga's triumph over the demons and also
the day of the Saraswati.
42.Kullu Dussehra Festival: The International annual mela started nine
days before dussehra in Kullu, Himichal Pradesh for the triumph of the God
Ram over evil. The fair start with Rath Yatra of the idol of Lord
Ragunath is led by the Kullu Raja and village deities. The Kullu Dussehra mela procession starts a week of
religious ceremonies, cultural activities, socializing and shopping at the huge
bazaar, or market, that comprises most of the mela ground, which make the
festival a rare event.
43.Karwa Chauth: On this
day the married women observe fast for the long life, well being and prosperity
of her husband. Karwa Chauth is celebrated nine days before diwali in the month
Among all the festival in
India, Diwali is
most pulsating and greatest festival.
Deepavali is one of the biggest festivals of Hindu, which means the “rows of
lights”. This festival is celebrated to mark the victory of good over evil.
Deepavali is celebrated for 5 days as Dhan Teras, Choti Diwali, Lakshmi Puja,
Govardhan Puja, Bhai Dooj. On the day of Deepavali people exchange gifts,
bursting firecrackers, lighting fireworks, colourful sparklers & bonfires and
having festive meals. Diwali is the “festival of lights” celebrated on the new
moon day that marks the end of Ashwin (October) and beginning of Kartik
is celebrated two
weeks after Laxumi Puja in the month of October and November.
46.Pushkar Mela dated since long
back which is held in the honor of
“GOD BRAHMA”. The
international fair famous in Pushkar in Rajasthan and it comes to an end
of the Kartik Purnima for five days. The festival is famous for selling and
purchase of cattle and livestock, matka phod,
bridal competition, camel race and longest moustache.
47.Lavi Fair got
international popularity and notoriety. The
fair is celebrated every year in Rampur,
Himichal Pradesh during November Month.
48.Christmas is an
annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ on 25 December. Christmas is a
universal festival and has a special significance for its unity in diversity